When Robert Koch presented his discovery of the tuberculosis bacillus in March, 1882, he hoped it would lead to the eradication of ‘€œthis terrible plague of mankind’€.  More than a century later, tuberculosis remains a leading killer of adults: of about 9 ·4 million people newly infected with tuberculosis each year, 3 ·5 million are undiagnosed and continue to transmit the disease and more than 1 ·7 million die. Tuberculosis is the main killer of people with HIV infection; drug-resistant strains continue to spread; and paediatric tuberculosis remains an area of neglect.  In the past decade, the number of new cases of tuberculosis worldwide has barely declined, and the number of deaths remains catastrophic: more than 4500 per day for this largely treatable disease. As aLancet  editorial pointed out, ‘€œA status quo in tuberculosis control is unacceptable.’€

Read more at the Lancet: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/issue/vol378no9801/PIIS0140-6736(11)X6043-9


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