Measurements like body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, body fat percentage and waist-to-hip ratio can be useful. If you are overweight or obese, your risk of many diseases is increased. Men tend to carry fat on their belly, particularly increasing their risk of heart attack, diabetes and stroke.
‘Normal’ blood pressure is on average 120/80mmHg. High blood pressure is a risk for many diseases. It normally causes no symptoms, but silently damages your heart and blood vessels, leading to conditions like erectile dysfunction, stroke and heart attack.
Blood sugar (glucose) test
A blood test is done to measure your blood glucose. High blood sugar could indicate diabetes, an illness that may lead to many serious medical problems.
The testicles should be self-examined on a monthly basis starting at the age of about 15. Become familiar with what is normal for you and report abnormalities to your doctor. Ideally, your doctor should do a testicular examination on a yearly basis.
Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome (TDS) is a serious medical condition that may cause symptoms such as lethargy, erectile dysfunction, depression and moodiness ‘ it is often referred to as the ‘male menopause’. TDS is a risk factor for many chronic diseases.
Blood tests for cholesterol levels
Cholesterol is a type of ‘bad’ fat in the blood that deposits itself on blood vessel walls, making them hard and narrow. High cholesterol can increase your risk of heart attack and stroke.
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
A blood test used to screen for prostate enlargement and cancer, should be done on a yearly basis from the age of 40.
Sources: Oz Healthcare Communication, Heart and Stroke Foundation