Social determinants of health, unforeseen events and racism continue to drive disparities in the fight again HIV, despite being into forty years into the pandemic’s spread. Speaking during the virtual 23rd International AIDS conference, Gregorio Millett of American Foundation for Aids Research (amfAR), said more community involvement is needed to fight the HIV/Aids disparities.
“We need to listen to communities as I am afraid that now, some of these communities are being left behind. Communities are important – as some of great ideas might not generally come from the top, but they can come from the bottom. We need to ensure that communities are involved in all that we do. We can overcome some of these disparities by reducing health disparities and centering the marginalised communities by ensuring that they are involved in all we do,” explained Millett.
According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), despite being forty years into the HIV/AIDS pandemic, it remains the leading cause of death in women of reproductive age. In 2018, South Africa had over 7 700 000 people who are living with HIV.
Millett noted that poverty and unemployment continue to widen disparities in communities across the world.
“Mortality incident rate-ratios between black and white people have increased since availability of ART (antiretroviral therapy), with reasons being less access to healthcare in racial minority communities. And despite increasing rates of PrEP usage, disparities remain.”
Millett explained this further, saying that in North America, “disparities continue to fuel HIV among African Americans, which derails the fight against the pandemic.”
“Unforeseen events such as Covid-19 also have negative impact on the HIV pandemic. The homeless population is more likely to have viral load which is generally higher as this population is highly associated with poor health. While black gay men are more likely to have low income compared to white gay men.”
Vaccine search is ‘essential’
Professor at the University of Cape Town, Linda-Gail Bekker says more work still needs to be done in terms of fighting the HIV pandemic.
“So much work needs to be done as we are still far from reaching our target goals in fight against the pandemic,” says Bekker.
Anthony Fauci, from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, says that there is still a need to reduce stigma and discrimination which is associated with HIV.
“We must have a scientific plan and we have to reduce stigma and discrimination through community programmers. The search for a vaccine is essential in ending the pandemic as the goal is to have one injection per year.” – Health-e News.