DR-TB: urgent need to respond to growing global crisis

The data, presented at the 43rd annual Union World Conference on Lung Health in Kuala Lumpur, was collected from 25 MSF projects in 14 countries over a nearly 18-month period.

New TB test

It shows an overall 50 percent increase in laboratory-based diagnosis of TB using Xpert MTB/RIF compared to the TB test still most commonly used, sputum smear microscopy, with a high variability across projects (increase in lab confirmation ranged from 10 percent to 115 percent).

The Xpert MTB/RIF test, which provides results within two hours, also detects whether a person’€™s TB strain is resistant to one of the primary TB drugs, rifampicin.

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