Timeline of a troubled province

Written by Laura Watermeyer

Over the past 15 years the Eastern Cape Health Department has deteriorated. Fraught with medicine shortages, equipment failures, huge staff vacancies, corruption and fraud, this timeline documents just some of the many problems surrounding this troubled province.

July 1999 Eastern Cape Health MEC Dr Trudy Thomas resigns in protest against deteriorating health services including medicine shortages, equipment failures and staff vacancies. Dr Bevan Goqwana takes her place.

Dr. Trudy Thomas - former MEC for Health in the EC

Dr. Trudy Thomas –
former MEC for Health in the EC
photo credit: Thys Dullaart

Goqwana, who was charged with fraud while in office for running a private ambulance service and private practice, is eventually replaced in 2006. During his tenure, the department received 5 audit disclaimers, and failed to account for R18.1 billion in expenditure.

2003The province’s doctor-patient and nurse-patient ratios are more than twice the national average, with one doctor per 8,825 patients, according to Treasury.

2004 – Lawrence Boya is appointed head of the Eastern Cape Department of Health (HOD) but is replaced in 2009 amid staff shortages, financial mismanagement and poor maintenance of infrastructure. He is later investigated by the Hawks for allegedly contravening the Public Finance Management Act but no charges are brought.

In July, local research organisation, the Public Service Accountability Monitor (PSAM) finds more than 80 percent of the province’s health budget between 1996 and 2003 has not been properly accounted for. More than about 20 percent, or R280 million, of the department’s infrastructure budget remains unspent despite deteriorating clinics and hospitals.

May 2006 – Nomsa Jajula is appointed as Eastern Cape MEC.

July 2007 – Hundreds of newborn babies are dying annually at Frere Hospital in East London, mainly due to poor care, according to the Daily Dispatch.

2008 – MEC Jajula is replaced by Pemmy Majodina. Between 2006-2008, the health budget is cut by an effective 20 percent.

2009 – MEC Majodina is replaced by Phumulo Masualle.

2010 – MEC Masualle is replaced by Sicelo Gqobana, who remains the MEC for Health in the Eastern Cape.

Dr. Siva Pillay, nicknamed the “corruption buster”

Dr. Siva Pillay,
nicknamed the “corruption buster”
photo credit:

In January, Dr. Siva Pillay is appointed HOD. Nicknamed the “corruption buster”, Pillay sacks 1 284 departmental staff for offences ranging from corruption to non-performance and incapacity. He fires the entire regional leadership of the ambulance service for flying private patients at a cost to taxpayers of R25 million. According to Pillay, he saves R1.4 billion in duplicate and corrupt payments.

In August, suppliers cut off shipments of HIV and tuberculosis drugs because of unpaid bills.

2011The province requests police to investigate a fire at the Mthatha medicines depot. In a statement, the department says it cannot rule out that the motive was to destroy evidence as staff are busy with stock-taking when the fire erupts.

Pillay reveals that he has faced a series of verbal and physical threats and two attempts have been made on his life since he began an internal clean-up of corruption and fraud within the department.

2012 – In December, a strike at the Mthatha depot leads to drug shortages that affect more than 300 medical facilities. International humanitarian organisation, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and AIDS lobby group the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) send staff into the depot to begin deliveries again.

Lusikisiki’s Village Clinic is closed after the EC government fails to pay rent. The clinic sees up to 7500 patients a month, including about 1,500 HIV patients on antiretrovirals. The department erects tents and old mobile homes in the clinic’s stead. Patients and staff report that the makeshift clinic includes only one pit latrine.

The Special Investigations Unit finds that between January 2009 and June 2012, provincial health officials and associations pocket more than R800 million.

Village Clinic

Village Clinic in Lusikisiki
closed after EC govt. fails to pay rent

There are 27 000 vacant posts, mostly for professional nurses.

2013 – In January, Pillay does not have his contract renewed and is replaced by Mahlubandile Qwase. In September, Qwase is replaced by Dr Thobile Mbengashe.

The province remains without an accounting officer, leading civil society consortium Eastern Cape Health Crisis Action Coalition to write a letter to Premier Noxolo Kiviet regarding the state of the appointment and pending corruption investigations. – Health-e News Service.



About the author

Laura Watermeyer

Laura Watermeyer is a print/website intern at Health-e