Studies have shown that pain is present throughout HIV disease. At least 80 percent of those with advanced disease experience moderate to severe pain. In addition, patients on antiretroviral therapy experience chronic symptoms such as fatigue, anorexia, nausea and vomiting.
The World Health Organization has identified palliative care as an essential component of comprehensive HIV care not only to address pain but also to deal with the burdensome symptoms which people living with HIV experience as well as other spiritual, social and psychological issues.
This 2013 report is intended to help women living with HIV, their families and others in the community who support them to understand their illness and to help address some of the questions they might have with regard to the illness and how they can get help.