Cervical cancer could be eliminated by the end of this century, thanks to a preventative vaccine. But ignorance is a major barrier to the rollout of the vaccine in South Africa, where the disease is the deadliest cancer for women.
It is believed that more than half of all birth defects can be prevented or treated, despite statistics showing that birth defects are the third highest cause of early deaths in the Western Cape.
As the globe marks World Aids Day on December 1, the call has again gone out for people to join the fight against HIV and Aids, with the event being used as an opportunity to educate people and to remember those who have passed away.
Health experts have warned that sexually transmitted infections (STI) have increased in South Africa, and say that young people – between the ages of 15 and 24 – are the most likely to contract an STI.