Rosina Komape, Michael’s mother, broke down as she addressed the launch, explaining that the toilet her son died in was an open hole without a seat, situated in bush quite a distance from the school buildings.
“The last thing I saw before I fainted was Michael’s hand sticking out of the toilet,” said Komape, when describing how she and her son’s classmate found Michael inside the pit.
The report was compiled after the SAHRC held provincial hearings in all nine provinces during 2012 and 2013 in response to widespread complaints about lack of access to water and sanitation.
The most common complaint was “non-functioning or defective intrastructure”, according to the report.
“Mostly, communities complained of broken taps, pipes and toilets that were never maintained or repaired by municipalities.”
There were also widespread complaints about water and waste water treatment plants, which were “poorly maintained and not designed to meet the needs of a growing population”.
In Gauteng, the commission was told that waste-water treatment plants were running at either full capacity or overflowing. Only 33 sewerage works were completely functional, and in Free State none were working.
According to the report:
- Some 1.4 million households (more than one in 10) do not have and have never had any sanitation services.
- At least a quarter of households in formal areas do not have adequate sanitation “due to the deterioration of infrastructure caused by lack of technical ability to ensure effective operation, maintenance and refurbishment.”
- Water provision in 23 municipalities (9 percent of total) was in crisis “with an acute risk of disease, ”while a further 38 percent were at high risk of deteriorating into crisis.
SAHRC deputy chairperson Pregs Govender said that, 20 years into democracy, those who did not have water and sanitation followed “the old apartheid map” and were located in former homelands, townships and informal settlements.
She called on government to ensure that poor communities were prioritised over business and agriculture.
“In Madibeng in North West, there are four dams and it is a rich platinum area. But it took a crisis, in which four people were shot in protests, for water to be redirected from the mines to the community,” Govender told Health-e.
She added that big mining companies, business and agribusiness consumed most of the country’s water, and that they often wasted a lot of water.
Receiving the report, Human Settlements Minister Connie September said the government aimed to eradicate the bucket system by the end of this month.
“The failure of government to have a comprehensive approach to water and sanitation is undermining development,” said September, saying that the report would assist government.
“There is an inter-ministerial committee that meets every time that Cabinet meets to discuss the water and sanitation roll-out,” said September.
An edited version of this article first appeared in the 12 March edition of The Star newspaper.